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ISBN: 9781773635194-04

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Intergenerational Domestic Violence


From: Reconciliation and Indigenous Justice


Chapter 4 explores the connection between intergenerational trauma and crime. This chapter details how the abuse and trauma of residential schools affected both the individuals who attended and their own communities, as the cycle of trauma sustained itself well after the schools planted those seeds. That in turn means that the routine application of Canadian sentencing law, in combination with the social legacy of residential schools, results in a particularly harsh form of systemic discrimination in the form of Indigenous over-incarceration. The chapter focuses on topics such as Intergenerational Domestic Violence, Intergenerational Sexual Abuse, Poverty, Child Welfare, Substance Abuse in Later Generations, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, and multilayering of these Traumas and the effects that has on an individual and at a Community Level.



David Milward

David Milward is an associate professor of law with the University of Victoria and a member of the Beardy’s & Okemasis First Nation of Duck Lake, Saskatchewan. He assisted the Truth and Reconciliation Commission with the authoring of its final report on Indigenous justice issues and is the author of Aboriginal Justice and the Charter: Realizing a Culturally Sensitive Interpretation of Legal Rights, which was joint winner of the K.D. Srivastava Prize for Excellence in Scholarly Publishing and was short-listed for the Canadian Law & Society Association Book Prize. He also co-authored The Art of Science in the Canadian Justice: A Reflection on My Experiences as an Expert Witness. Dr. Milward is the author of numerous articles on Indigenous justice in leading national and international law journals.