Preview Interaction Patterns, highlights the thinking of Audre Lorde, Roland Barthes, and Franz Fanon. Lorde identified difference as the key factor that triggers power dynamics, or unequal interactions. …
Cyndi Suarez 9
The Race Question
Preview Indigenous activist Arthur Manuel provides a concise discussion of racism in Canada today towards Indigenous people and the systemic racism reflected in laws, institutions and organizations.
Arthur Manuel 6
Preview Details the history of the residential school system. Puts the history in context of imperialism, colonization, and assimilation. Describes the experience children would have had at the schools.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada 140
Preview Details the mandate of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the goals and responsibilities of the members.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada 13
Preview A brief overview of Calvin’s early life growing up in Yarmouth, N.S. Details his early experiences with racism and the 1960s black community in Nova Scotia.
Calvin Lawrence; Miles Howe 28
Walking Black, White and Blue LInes
Preview Calvin recalls being recruited to the police force and his experience as an office with Halifax City Police. Contextualizes the black community in Halifax at the time.
Calvin Lawrence; Miles Howe 28
A "Sacred Duty"
Preview Roman Catholic missionaries and the Canadian government shared a vision: to see Native people, through residential schooling, abandon their cultural heritage and their nomadic hunting and fishing …
Elizabeth Furniss 40
The Shuswap Response to Colonialism
Preview Despite strong opposition, the Shuswap people were forced to adopt the colonial way of living. They were pushed out of their home and discouraged to practice sacred rituals. Ultimately, in 1891, …
Elizabeth Furniss 24
Experiences of Black People in Canadian Society
Preview In this chapter, the author provides a brief history of black people in Canada, and goes on to describe the continued prevalence of institutional racism in academic institutions and the workplace.
Christopher M. Spence 4
What Can We Do?
Preview In this chapter, the author presents a variety of actions that can be taken to make schools more inclusive and supportive of black students. These actions include directly addressing the racism …
Christopher M. Spence 10
An Historical Overview of the Application of the Race Concept in Social Practice
Preview This chapter presents an overview of discourse related to race and racial identity in academic discourse and how this discourse has continued to change and evolve.
George J. Sefa Dei; Maria Castagna 19
Challenges Confronting African Immigrant Women in the Canadian Workforce
Preview This chapter discusses the economic, social, and cultural burden placed on recent immigrants from Africa and how that burden is placed disproportionately on women.
Patience Elabor-Idemudia 20
Toward Anti-Racism in Social Work in the Canadian Context
Preview This chapter attempts to provide a framework for anti-racist social work in Canada. Beginning with an overview of the literature on racism in the context of social work, the chapter goes on to …
Usha George 12
Part 1 The Myth of Merit The Mythical Meritocracy, or Is the Best Candidate Ever Simply the Best?
Preview This chapter debunks the myth of the meritocracy, the idea that employers should simply seek out the most qualified applicant for the position. This practice still results in people of colour …
Anthony Stewart 12
Racism and Resistance in Historical Context
Preview This chapter places racism and activism in Canada in a historical context, beginning with the account of Viola Desmond, a black woman who was arrested after sitting in the ‘white’s …
Akua Benjamin; Carl James; David Este; Tana Turner 31
The Multiple Manifestations of Racism
Preview Many Canadians believe that, because of human rights protections and anti-hate speech legislation, racism in Canada is a thing of the past. This chapter explores the many ways in which millions …
Akua Benjamin; Carl James; David Este; Tana Turner 25
Race and Ethnicity
Preview In this Chapter: What is racism, and what are its roots? Do racism and other forms of social intolerance exist in Canada? How do various social theories explain the persistence of racism? What is …
Joanne Naiman 24
Racism and Justice in Canada
Preview OBJECTIVES Racial Inequality in Canada and Its Relation to Surveillance, Criminalization and Employment Imagining “White” Canada Racializing Canada The Limits to Official …
Akwaski Owusu-Bempah; Carl E. James; Selom Chapman- Nyaho 25
Preview Mapping Racial Geographies of Violence on the Colonial Landscape
Ingrid R.G. Waldron 13
Telling Multiple Stories of “Race” in Canadian Higher Education
Preview This chapter provides several personal stories of the experience of race and racism among students ant Canadian universities.
Louise Tam; Mandeep Mucina; Soma Chatterjee 16