Publication Year


ISBN: 9781552770184-06

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Social Upheaval

From: Tar Sands Showdown


Chapter 6 discusses the many ways in which the development of the tar sands has become a caldron that is brewing with social conflicts and tensions: (a) social conflicts: ranging from the community problems facing Fort McMurray, Upgrader Alley, and Fort Chipewyan, to the growing rich-poor gap in Alberta, the royalty rip-off, and the use of cheap labour; (b) energy insecurities: the availability of sufficient oil and natural gas supplies to meet needs in the rest of the country due to increasing exports; (c) US military links: the role that Canada has come to play in fuelling America’s military operations through the export of tar sands crude.



Tony Clarke

TONY CLARKE is the founder and director of the Polaris Institute in Ottawa, an organization dedicated to developing tools and strategies for civic action on major public policy issues, including energy security, water rights, and free trade. He holds a doctorate from the University of Chicago, has written numerous books, and is the recipient of Sweden's Right Livelihood Award, the "alternative Nobel Prize." Among his most recent books is Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water with Maude Barlow.