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ISBN: 9781773635194-03

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The Seeds of Intergenerational Trauma


From: Reconciliation and Indigenous Justice


Chapter 3 focuses on the root causes of intergenerational trauma in many Indigenous communities. The chapter explores the risk factors that originated in the abuses suffered by those who directly attended residential schools; in many instances, these risk factors continue to make themselves felt for years after the schools themselves closed. The chapter explores the roots of much of the intergenerational trauma in many Indigenous communities across the country by exploring factors such as physical and sexual abuse by school staff, racism in schools and the white community, and the erosion of traditional Indigenous culture, using case law as examples.



David Milward

David Milward is an associate professor of law with the University of Victoria and a member of the Beardy’s & Okemasis First Nation of Duck Lake, Saskatchewan. He assisted the Truth and Reconciliation Commission with the authoring of its final report on Indigenous justice issues and is the author of Aboriginal Justice and the Charter: Realizing a Culturally Sensitive Interpretation of Legal Rights, which was joint winner of the K.D. Srivastava Prize for Excellence in Scholarly Publishing and was short-listed for the Canadian Law & Society Association Book Prize. He also co-authored The Art of Science in the Canadian Justice: A Reflection on My Experiences as an Expert Witness. Dr. Milward is the author of numerous articles on Indigenous justice in leading national and international law journals.