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1968 in Canada

A Year and Its Legacies

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The year 1968 in Canada was an extraordinary one, unlike any other in its frenetic pace of activities and their consequences for the development of a new national consciousness among Canadians.

It was a year when decisions and actions, both in Canada and outside its borders, were thick and contentious, and whose effects were momentous and far-reaching. It saw the rise of Trudeaumania and the birth of the Parti Québécois; the articulation of the new nationalism in English Canada and an alternative vision for Indigenous rights and governance; a series of public hearings in the Royal Commission on the Status of Women; the establishment of the Canadian Radio and Television Commission, nation-wide Medicare and CanLit; and a striving for both a new relationship with the United States and a more independent foreign policy everywhere else. And more. Virtually no segment of Canadian life was untouched by both the turmoil and the promise of generational change.

Contributors

Michael K. Hawes

Dr. Michael Hawes is a professor of political science, a tireless advocate of international education, and a proud alumnus of the Fulbright program. He assumed the leadership of Fulbright Canada in September of 2001 and has had the privilege of directing the program through some very exciting times. He is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Foundation for Educational Exchange between Canada and the United States of America and Executive Director of Fulbright Canada. Under his direction Fulbright Canada has witnessed dramatic growth in its programs and in the number of students and scholars that the program supports.

Andrew C. Holman

A member of the History Department at Bridgewater State University since 1996, Andrew Holman is also the director of the university's Canadian Studies program. Dr. Holman teaches courses in Canadian and United States history, as well as on topic subjects such as sport history, historiography, the history of education. He is the author scholarly articles, reviews and books, including Hockey: A Global History (coauthored with Stephen Hardy, University of Illinois Press, 2018) and A Hotly Contested Affair: Hockey in Canada - The National Game in Documents (The Champlain Society and University of Toronto Press, 2020). Dr. Holman earned his PhD in History from York University in Toronto.

Christopher Kirkey

Christopher Kirkey is the director of the Center for the Study of Canada and Institute on Québec Studies at the State University of New York College at Plattsburgh.

Chapter Title Abstract Contributors Pages Year Price

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In the introductory chapter, the editors of the collection stress the importance of the year 1968, which has been overlooked in Canadian history. This chapter also details the essays that will follow. 8 $0.80

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In the spring of 1968, the political campaigns of Robert Kennedy in the United States and Pierre Trudeau in Canada generated wild crowd scenes featuring passionate adoration of the candidates. … 23 $2.30

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Pierre Elliott Trudeau was the embodiment of Canada’s 1960s: young, hip, and impatient with the status quo, he bounded onto the political scene with fresh ideas and an image to match. … 17 $1.70

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L’année 1968 s’inscrit dans la continuité d’une période évolutionnaire plus que révolutionnaire. Il s’agit d’un moment traversé par des … 19 $1.90

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The year 1968 marked a decisive break in the history of English-Canadian nationalism. An older generation of nationalists, mostly located in rural Canada and concerned with the loosening of … 24 $2.40

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In 1968, Canadian women addressed women’s equality in the spotlight of a royal commission’s public hearing process. Predominantly white, married women spoke truth to power in … 22 $2.20

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From 13 to 15 December 1968, a meeting took place in Toronto that should be considered among the most important contributions to the birth of Canadian multiculturalism: the Thinkers’ … 29 $2.90

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This chapter traces the historical importance of, and interrelations between, developments in federal “Indian policy” and investments in fossil fuel extraction, and Indigenous … 27 $2.70

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This chapter considers the first year of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission, the country’s broadcasting (and eventually, telecommunications) regulator. The establishment of the CRTC … 19 $1.90

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Nineteen sixty-eight was a tremendously eventful year for publisher Jack McClelland and his publishing house, McClelland & Stewart. On the one hand, spurred by funding opportunities initiated … 19 $1.90

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The year 1968 witnessed the launch of medicare, a public program so important that 50 years later many Canadians identify universal health insurance as a defining feature of our national … 17 $1.70

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One of the many ways that 1968 was a crucial moment in Canadian history is in the area of language policy. In January 1968, René Lévesque published his manifesto Option Québec; a … 20 $2.00

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The discovery of massive quantities of recoverable oil on the north slope of Alaska in July 1968 and competing shipping alternatives to transit the hydrocarbons south, through or adjacent to … 25 $2.50

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Après le décès de Maurice Duplessis et celui de Paul Sauvé, suivis de l’élection de Jean Lesage et de son « équipe du tonnerre », rien ne va plus … 25 $2.50

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In 1968, Czechoslovakia experienced its Prague Spring as a gradual political liberalization took place in this previously tightly controlled Communist nation. During the Prague Spring, political … 19 $1.90

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In February 1968, Quebec’s Minister of Education, Jean-Guy Cardinal, attended the meeting of francophone ministers of education in Libreville, Gabon. After almost a decade of disagreements … 17 $1.70

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In 1968, Robert Weaver’s edited anthology Canadian Short Stories: Second Series was published, including stories by well-known writers such as Hugh Garner and Morley Callaghan and … 16 $1.60