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ISBN: 9781459413313

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Canadian Culture in a Globalized World

The impact of trade deals on Canada's cultural life

Since the first trade deal with the US in 1984, Canada has insisted on a "cultural exemption" to ensure that governments were free to protect Canadian culture and to restrict foreign ownership and limit foreign content in the media. Negotiators and government ministers considered the cultural exemption key to reassuring Canadians that the deal did not undermine our cultural sovereignty. In every trade deal since, culture has been a contentious issue. Media giants and foreign governments have pushed for unlimited access to Canada. Ottawa has worked with cultural industries to maintain the cultural exemption. As author Garry Neil sees it, in spite of the claims, Canadian cultural policies and programs have been steadily restricted by successive trade deals. He explains how this has happened, and what needs to be done for Canada to maintain our cultural sovereignty and creative life in the face of multinational corporations and their government supporters who are promoting a world monoculture.

Contributors

Garry Neil

GARRY NEIL has worked for forty years in arts and cultural policy in Canada and internationally. He has consulted for governments, cultural industry firms, and non-governmental organizations. He has extensive experience in policies for television, film, publishing, performing arts, visual arts, music, and digital media. He is a global expert on how trade agreements affect cultural policy making and a member of UNESCO's Panel of Experts. He lives in Toronto, Ontario.

Chapter Title Abstract Contributors Pages Year Price

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Author Garry Neil introduces his argument, explaining why Canadian culture is important and highlighting his background and experience on this subject. 5 $0.50

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Brief history of Canadian cultural policy in the 20th century, background to the period from 1984 to 2019. 18 $1.80

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Trade agreements and the development of global trade through the second half of the 20th century. Analyzes how global trade agreements in that period affected Canada’s culture industry, … 15 $1.50

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Summarizes Canada’s trade history with the United States and explains how Canadian culture is impacted by America’s. Reviews Canada’s trade agreements with the United States … 22 $2.20

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Focuses on how free trade agreements impacted Canadian cultural policy. Deals with the 1984 free trade deal, NAFTA, as well as how World Trade Organization agreements (WTO) have limited … 31 $3.10

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How recent expansion of Canada’s free trade agreements and the implementation of investment agreements have affected Canadian cultural policy. Deals with the Multilateral Agreement on … 15 $1.50

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Describes the pushback to trade agreement impacts on culture internationally, and describes the creation of the UNESCO Convention (1970) and assesses the impact it has had on Canadian and global … 19 $1.90

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An account of Canada’s trade negotiations with South Korea and the EU during the Stephen Harper administration (2006 to 2015). Assesses agreements like the Canada‑European Union … 19 $1.90

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How the Trans‑Pacific Partnership came about and how Canada’s cultural policies are affected by its implementation. 22 $2.20

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Analyzes Canada’s current relationship with the United States concerning trade and cultural policies. Examines the impact of Donald Trump’s presidency and the re‑negotiated … 19 $1.90

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How the rise of digital media has affected cultural industries in Canada, specifically music, book and magazine publishing, radio, televsion and film arts. Analyzes the reaction of the Justin … 28 $2.80

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Explores how Canada can protect its culture in upcoming trade negotiations (as of 2019) and offers suggestions to how policymaking can better protect Canadian culture. 15 $1.50

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Measures and methods that can protect Canadian cultural identity. Using Canada’s trade relationship with China as an example, offers a blueprint for trade agreements that can protect … 15 $1.50

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Culture and media policies adopted by New Zealand and South Korea at the time of trade negotiations between Canada and the United States offer a contrasting example to Canadian policies.. 5 $0.50