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Essential Readings in Canadian Government and Politics, 2nd Edition

Description of the writings included in Part I: Understanding Canada.

Contributors

Peter Russell

Peter H. Russell is Professor of political science (Emeritus) at the University of Toronto.

François Rocher

François Rocher is a Professor and Director of the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. His research interests are focused upon Canadian federalism, constitutional politics, immigration and citizenship, and Canadian and Quebec nationalism.

Debra Thompson

Debra Thompson received her PhD in political science at the University of Toronto before becoming a post-doctoral fellow with the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard University. She is now an Assistant Professor of African American studies at Northwestern University. Her primary research interests are racial and ethnic politics, Canadian politics, and American political development.

Amanda Bittner

Amanda Bittner is an Associate Professor of political science at Memorial University. She obtained her MA and PhD at the University of British Columbia, and her BA at the University of Toronto. A comparativist, her primary research interests include elections, voting, and public opinion. She has published a number of books and articles, including Platform or Personality? Understanding the Role of Leaders in Elections (2011, OUP) and Parties, Elections, and the Future of Canadian Politics (2013, UBC Press).

Chapter Title Abstract Contributors Pages Year Price

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Text of 1840 speech by Louis-Hyppolyte Fontaine promoting responsible government. ; ; 4 $0.40

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1858 letter drafted by Alexander Galt to promote the idea that the constitution of the proposed Canadian confederation be derived from the Imperial Parliament rather than be based on the American … ; ; 2 $0.20

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Excerpts of parliamentary debates by John A. Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier from 1865 regarding the proposed federal union. ; ; 8 $0.80

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Text of 1912 speech by Henri Bourassa promoting the preservation of the French language in Canada. ; ; 5 $0.50

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Excerpts from a 1973 English translation of a 1954 report by the Tremblay Commission on the traditional culture of Quebec and what was needed to secure it against perceived centralizing … ; ; 6 $0.60

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1965 essay by Daniel Johnson adopted by the Union Nationale party as a platform for Quebec independence if Quebec could not achieve equality with the rest of Canada through constitutional reform. ; ; 5 $0.50

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1968 essay by Pierre Elliott Trudeau on the concept of Canadian federalism in opposition to nationalism. ; ; 11 $1.10

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Text of 1987 speech by Preston Manning in support of creating a new federal political party with western roots to advance an agenda for constitutional, economic, and social change. ; ; 9 $0.90

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1991 essay by Charles Taylor in support of a "deep" diversity to promote equality and unity. ; ; 9 $0.90

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Text of the opening section of a summary of findings and recommendations of a 1996 report by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples established after confrontations between Mohawk warriors … ; ; 7 $0.70

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2000 essay by Peter H. Russell arguing that Canada stumbled into a management of constitutional politics through incomplete conquests and without rational choice or abstract philosophy. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of an introduction by James Tully to a study of multinational democracies, setting out what a democratic constitution needs to accommodate members of a multinational society. ; ; 5 $0.50

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Description of the writings included in Part II: Canada’s Institutions and Representation. ; ; 6 $0.60

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2009 restatement by Helen Forsey of a document prepared in 1984 by Eugene Forsey setting out the role of the Governor General if no party gets a clear majority in an election. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of an introduction by C.E.S. Franks to his 1987 book The Parliament of Canada, discussing Parliament in an age of reform. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1999 article by Donald J. Savoie challenging long-established conventions or understandings about how the Canadian government works. ; ; 7 $0.70

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1999 article by Lisa Young examining the failure of the political system to adequately represent the changing interests and identities of the Canadian electorate, and the capacity of Parliament … ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpts of speeches by four senators in 2007 in response to a motion in the Senate for a national referendum on the abolition of the Senate. ; ; 9 $0.90

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Excerpt of a 2011 book by Peter Aucoin, Mark Jarvis and Lori Turnbull addressing the undermining of Canadian democracy by excessive prime ministerial power over the operation of the House of Commons. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1968 paper by Alan Cairns suggesting that the electoral system has played a major role in the evolution of parties, and that the party system has not necessarily been an important nationalizing agency. ; ; 7 $0.70

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Excerpt of a 1985 book by Sylvia Bashevkin, Toeing the Lines, in which she demonstrates that women continue to be underrepresented in federal and provincial legislatures in Canada. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1990 article by Janine Brody and Jane Jenson arguing that the Canadian electorate’s support of political parties is not modernized but continues to be differentiated by religion, language … ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of a 2002 address by R. Kenneth Carty comparing the effect of local interests on national political parties to the operation of a franchise organization. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of a 2007 book by Dennis Pilon setting out its two main themes of broadening the current terms of the Canadian voting system component of electoral reform debates and making politics … ; ; 7 $0.70

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Excerpt of a 2010 article by R. Kenneth Carty and William Cross describing the character of brokerage party politics in Canada and the resulting organizational structures of Canadian political parties. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of a 1967 book by Mildred Schwartz examining the effect of regionalism of the influence of party on the formation of Canada’s identity. ; ; 5 $0.50

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1992 article by Richard Johnston discussing the concept of party identification in the context of the 1988 Canadian general election. ; ; 7 $0.70

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2003 article by Elisabeth Gidengil, André Blais, Richard Nadeau, and Neil Nevitte comparing gender gaps in vote choice with gender differences in basic political beliefs and policy preferences. ; ; 9 $0.90

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2005 article by André Blais assessing the reasons for the unusual success of the Liberal party of Canada in the 12 elections between 1965 and 2004. ; ; 6 $0.60

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2005 article by J. Scott Matthews assessing the importance of the role of courts and legislatures in forming public opinion to support same-sex marriage in Canada. ; ; 7 $0.70

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2007 article by Amanda Bittner examining how social group identity and varying levels of information influence voting choices of individuals. ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 1950 book by Harold Innis examining the significance of the role of communication in the development of western society. ; ; 4 $0.40

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2000 article by Elisabeth Gidengil and Joanna Everitt assessing gender bias in television coverage of the leaders debates in the 1993 federal election, in which two of the parties were led by women. ; ; 7 $0.70

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Excerpt of a 2005 book by Darin Barney, Communication Technology, exploring the effect of information and communication technologies on Canadian democracy. ; ; 5 $0.50

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2010 article by Tamara A. Small examining the use of Twitter by federal and provincial political parties and their leaders in July 2009. ; ; 12 $1.20

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Description of the writings included in Part III: Governing Canada ; ; 14 $1.40

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1979 Parti Québécois White Paper setting out sovereignty-association as a replacement for Quebec’s role in federalism. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1990 article by Jean Chrétien outlining the process by which the Constitution was patriated. ; ; 7 $0.70

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1983 article by Donald V. Smiley arguing that the gains from enacting the Constitution Act, 1982 were outweighed by damage done to Canada’s legal, political and constitutional order. ; ; 7 $0.70

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1999 article by Reg Whitaker arguing that Canada has a weak sovereignty and proposing a model allowing for overlapping sovereignties to satisfy the requirements of Canada, Quebec, and Aboriginal … ; ; 6 $0.60

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2006 article by Peter H. Russell describing how Canadian constitutional politics moved from an era of large scale reform to an era of quiet, incremental, organic constitutionalism. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of a 1989 book by Garth Stevenson, Unfulfilled Union: Canadian Federalism and National Unity, proposing that political economy, moreso than culture, explains the strength of Canadian … ; ; 7 $0.70

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1977 article by Alan C. Cairns arguing that Canadian federalism is a function of the constitution and governments rather than of societies. ; ; 7 $0.70

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1985 article by Donald V. Smiley and Ronald L. Watts examining the intrastate dimension of federalism, and the role of intrastate federalism in Canada. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1998 article by Roger Gibbins examining the extent to which federal political institutions either moderate or exacerbate regional conflict and alienation. ; ; 7 $0.70

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2004 article by Richard Simeon and Ian Robinson examining what drives Canadian federalism and what accounts for how it has changed over time, plus an examination of the consequences and … ; ; 6 $0.60

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2009 article by François Rocher examining the different perspectives of Quebec francophone scholars and scholars from English-speaking Canada in literature on Canadian federalism. ; ; 7 $0.70

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1971 article by Alan C. Cairns surveying the controversy over the performance of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in England acting as final judicial authority for constitutional … ; ; 11 $1.10

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1983 article by Peter H. Russell examining the prospects of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to fulfil the purposes of promoting national unity and better protecting fundamental rights … ; ; 13 $1.30

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1997 article by Peter W. Hogg and Allison A. Bushell arguing that critique of judicial review under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms based on democratic legitimacy is not sustainable. ; ; 10 $1.00

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Text of 1999 speech by Beverly McLachlin explaining the role of the courts in interpreting the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 2000 book by F.L. Morton and Rainer Knopff, The Charter Revolution and the Court Party, arguing that the Supreme Court of Canada has redesigned itself from a constitutional … ; ; 12 $1.20

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Excerpt of a 1938 book by R.A. MacKay and E.B. Rogers, Canada Looks Abroad, assessing Canada’s foreign policy and the geographical and historical factors affecting it. ; ; 5 $0.50

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Excerpt of a 1961 book by James Eayrs describing the role of the Prime Minister in relation to the Cabinet and the Governor General with respect to foreign affairs. ; ; 4 $0.40

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1970 essay by John W. Holmes on the impact of nationalism on Canadian foreign policy. ; ; 5 $0.50

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Excerpt of a 1984 book by Charles F. Doran discussing the special nature of the relationship between Canada and the United States on structural and policy grounds. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of a 2002 book by Stephen Clarkson reviewing Canada’s foreign policy in relation to the United States from 1938 to 2002. ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 2009 book by Michael Byers exploring the role of indigenous peoples in strengthening Canadian presence and sovereignty in the North. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Description of the writings included in Part IV: Canadian Society: Identities and Diversities ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 1970 Royal Commission Report recommending measures to remedy a lack of equality between women and men regarding rights and freedoms. ; ; 6 $0.60

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1993 article by Mary Ellen Turpel asserting that the concept of gender equality underlying a 1967 Royal Commission was conceptually and culturally inappropriate for First Nations women. ; ; 6 $0.60

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2000 article by Himani Bannerji arguing that the discourse of diversity has political imperatives and is not simply innocent pluralism. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of a 2014 book by Miriam Smith outlining the legal, social and political changes to the status of LGBT people in Canada since the 1960s. ; ; 7 $0.70

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Excerpt of a 1969 White Paper presented by Jean Chrétien proposing a policy to replace the Indian people’s role of dependence with a role of equal status, opportunity and responsibility. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of a 1969 book by Harold Cardinal criticizing the federal government’s 1969 Indian policy as a thinly disguised program of extermination through assimilation. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of a 2005 book by Taiaiake Alfred describing a strategic vision of nonviolent contention as a means for indigenous peoples to regain freedom and achieve political independence. ; ; 6 $0.60

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Excerpt of a 2014 book by Glen Sean Coulthard arguing that the politics of mutual recognition between the state and indigenous peoples would perpetuate colonialist, racist and patriarchal state … ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 1909 book by J.S. Woodsworth examining the advisability or justifiability of excluding as immigrants both individuals and classes of individuals. ; ; 3 $0.30

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Excerpt of a 1967 Royal Commission Report by A. Davidson Dunton and André Laurendeau stating that the principle of equality between the two founding peoples requires that the linguistic … ; ; 3 $0.30

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Excerpt of a 1971 statement by Pierre Elliott Trudeau to the House of Commons announcing a policy of multiculturalism within a bilingual framework. ; ; 3 $0.30

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1972 article by Guy Rocher criticizing the federal government’s 1971 policy on multiculturalism as ambiguous, faulty and dangerous. ; ; 4 $0.40

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Excerpt of a 2008 report by Gérard Bouchard and Charles Taylor recommending to the Quebec government the means to ensure that accommodation practices related to cultural differences conform … ; ; 7 $0.70

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2008 article by Debra Thompson arguing that race is a social and political construction, but that it is largely neglected by political science scholarship. ; ; 9 $0.90

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1933 declaration by the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation of a desire to replace the capitalist system with a social order based on economic planning and economic equality. ; ; 8 $0.80

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Excerpt of a 1965 book by John Porter examining the nature of class differences and their consequences for Canadian society. ; ; 8 $0.80

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1995 article by Leo V. Panitch arguing that a class analysis in the form of studying material social relationships between people and their common experiences, as opposed to an elite analysis in … ; ; 7 $0.70

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2013 report by Armine Yalnizyan to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance regarding what the federal government could do to offset the growth of income inequality. ; ; 5 $0.50

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1981 article by Nelson Wiseman examining the diversity of political traditions within the three prairie provinces, as affected by distinct waves of settlers from rural Ontario, Britain, America … ; ; 7 $0.70

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2001 article by Caroline Andrew arguing that Canadian cities must have a larger governance role, and describing how they can achieve it. ; ; 5 $0.50

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2004 article by Robert Finbow examining the institutional, economic, cultural and historical distinctions between the Atlantic provinces, and assessing prospects for integration or cooperation in … ; ; 10 $1.00

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2009 article by William Johnson outlining the rise of Stephen Harper to the leadership of the Canadian Alliance, the leadership of the merged Conservative party, and the prime ministership. ; ; 8 $0.80