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ISBN: 9781552214107

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False Security

The Radicalization of Canadian Anti-Terrorism

On 20 October 2014, a terrorist drove his car into two members of the Canadian Armed Forces, killing Warrant Officer Patrice Vincent. Two days later, another terrorist murdered Corporal Nathan Cirillo before storming Parliament. In the aftermath of these attacks, Parliament enacted Bill C-51 — the most radical national security law in generations. This new law ignored hard lessons on how Canada both over- and underreacted to terrorism in the past. It also ignored evidence and urgent recommendations about how to avoid these dangers in the future.

For much of 2015, Craig Forcese and Kent Roach have provided, as Maclean’s put it, the “intellectual core of what’s emerged as surprisingly vigorous push-back” to Bill C-51. In this book, they show that our terror laws now make a false promise of security even as they present a radical challenge to rights and liberties. They trace how our laws repeat past mistakes of institutionalized illegality while failing to address problems that weaken the accountability of security agencies and impair Canada’s ability to defend against terrorism.

Contributors

Craig Forcese

Craig Forcese teaches national security law at the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Law and is an executive member of the Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security and Society.

Kent Roach

Kent Roach teaches anti-terrorism law at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Law and was the director of research (legal studies) of the 2006–2010 Commission of Inquiry into the Investigation of the Bombing of Air India Flight 182.

Chapter Title Abstract Contributors Pages Year Price

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Legal analyses of various aspects of Canadian national security law expressed in Bill C-51. ; 8 $0.80

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Review of the historical and political context of the enactment of Bill C-51, the Anti-terrorism Act, 2015, and overview of its perceived shortcomings. ; 19 $1.90

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Historical review of terrorist acts in Canada and the resulting governmental responses. ; 61 $6.10

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Description of terrorist groups and actions and the risks posed to Canada. ; 32 $3.20

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Analysis of surveillance as an anti-terrorism tool and its effect on privacy. ; 24 $2.40

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Analysis of information sharing as an anti-terrorism tool and its effect on privacy. ; 35 $3.50

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Exploration of “interdiction”: directly or indirectly inhibiting the movement of suspected terrorists. ; 26 $2.60

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Exploration of “restraint”: detaining or imposing long-term constraints on liberty for reasons other than criminal conduct. ; 24 $2.40

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Exploration of “interruption”: forestalling a feared terrorist event using tools that may be available when more conventional devices are ineffective. ; 46 $4.60

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Examination of Canada’s record of anti-terrorism prosecutions and the difficulties in making them work. ; 52 $5.20

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Exploration of attempts to combat terrorist propaganda. ; 35 $3.50

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Examination of the need for better executive oversight of security measures. ; 40 $4.00

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Examination of the retrospective process of review that results in findings and recommendations, and the need for effective accountability. ; 50 $5.00

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Examination of counter-violent extremism programs. ; 45 $4.50

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Suggestions for improving terrorism investigations and prosecutions. ; 26 $2.60