Part 2: Sustainable Community Building Blocks
Unsustainable transport systems not only are a major contributor to atmosphere change, but also lead to increasing congestion, longer commuting times, increasing demands for shorter work hours to compensate for longer travel hours, and higher prices due to reduced worker productivity. In fact, the primary objective of conventional traffic management has been to move vehicles in and around communities as rapidly and efficiently as possible using strategies such as designation of one way streets, synchronization of traffic signals, road widening, and construction of left-hand turn bays.
Mark Roseland, Ph.D., MCIP, is Director of the Centre for Sustainable Community Development (www.sfu.ca/cscd) at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada and is a professor in SFU’s Department of Geography. In 1990, as Research Director for the City of Vancouver’s Clouds of Change Task Force, he orchestrated one of the first comprehensive municipal responses to global atmospheric change and local air-quality problems. A former Editor of RAIN magazine, he was the North American Editor of the international journal Local Environment, published in association with ICLEI — Local Governments for Sustainability, from its inception in 1995 until 2002, and continues to serve on its Editorial Advisory Board. His numerous publications include Eco-City Dimensions: Healthy Communities, Healthy Planet (New Society Publishers, 1997). He lectures internationally, advises communities and governments on sustainable development policy and planning, and participates actively in sustainable community development projects in Vancouver and elsewhere.