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ISBN: 9780776636733-05

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The Snowbirds

A Cultural Movement across Borders


From: Borders, Culture, and Globalization


This chapter begins by providing a theoretical overview of how migration and borders have changed in the context of a globalizing world, how seasonal snowbird migration has emerged, and how this migratory movement has played out in the context of the Canada-US border. This is followed by an overview of the study’s methodology and the presentation of the findings. The chapter ends with a concluding discussion.



Melissa Kelly

Melissa Kelly holds a PhD in Social and Economic Geography from Uppsala University. Her doctoral dissertation investigated the economic, social, and cultural factors influencing the onward migration of refugees from Sweden to third countries. She focused specifically on Iranian-born individuals who spent several years in Sweden before subsequently moving on to other parts of the Iranian diaspora. Following the completion of her PhD, Melissa was awarded a Freestanding Postdoctoral Fellowship by the National Research Foundation of South Africa. She carried out a study on the everyday experiences and multiscalar belonging of cross-border migrants living and working in the city of Bloemfontein, South Africa. Following this, she became a postdoctoral fellow with the Borders in Globalization Project at Carleton University. Her research focused on seasonal retirement migration in the North American context and its implications for regional integration. Melissa is currently a research fellow with the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Migration and Integration at Ryerson University. Her research interests include diversity, inclusion and community building in rural and remote areas, and regional approaches to migration governance. In addition to her academic pursuits, Melissa has contributed extensively to the development of immigration and labour market programs for the Government of Canada.