Direct Enforcement against the Core Crimes
International and Internationalized Criminal Courts
Examination of the salient features of courts involved in international prosecutions, including prosecutions following World War II, United Nations ad hoc tribunals, the International Criminal Court, and internationalized or hybrid tribunals.
Robert J Currie is an associate professor at the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University, where he teaches international criminal law, international advocacy, evidence, criminal law, civil procedure, and law and technology. He studied at both St Francis Xavier University and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University, and has degrees in law from Dalhousie and the University of Edinburgh. Prior to his academic appointment, Professor Currie had a civil litigation practice at the Atlantic Canadian firm McInnes Cooper, where he appeared before all levels of court in Nova Scotia, as well as before the Federal Court. He has been a member of the Nova Scotia Bar since 2000. Professor Currie has authored or co-authored numerous articles and comments in the area of international and transnational criminal law, and his work has been cited by Canadian courts. The first edition of this book, published in 2010, was short-listed for the Walter Owen Book Prize for Outstanding Canadian Legal Literature and was cited by the Supreme Court of Canada. He acts as a consultant for both government and private clients and is often called upon to provide CLE for the practising bar., He is vice-president of the Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, a member of the executive committee of the Canadian Council on International Law, and is on the board of directors of the Canadian IT Law Association (IT.Can). In 2008, Professor Currie was honoured with the Dalhousie Law Students’ Society and Alumni Association Award for Excellence in Teaching.
Joseph Rikhof has received a BCL from the University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands; an LLB from McGill University; a Diploma in Air and Space Law from McGill University; and a PhD from the Irish Centre for Human Rights. He teaches international criminal law at the University of Ottawa. He is senior counsel, Manager of the Law with the Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Section of the Department of Justice, Canada. He was a visiting professional with the International Criminal Court in 2005 while also serving as special counsel and policy advisor to the Modern War Crimes Section of the Department of Citizenship & Immigration between 1998 and 2002. His area of expertise lies with the law related to organized crime, terrorism, genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, especially in the context of immigration and refugee law. He has written almost forty articles as well his first book, The Criminal Refugee: The Treatment of Asylum Seekers with a Criminal Background in International and Domestic Law (2012), exploring these research interests; and has lectured on the same topics in North and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Australia, and New Zealand.