Publication Year


ISBN: 9781459406254-01

Categories: , , ,

I did not know who I was

From: Gang Life


twenty-five-year-old Kim describes a life, both

inside and outside her gang, in which “I did not know who I was.”

Her childhood and early adolescence were wracked with rejection

and abandonment, and she bounced around from family to foster

homes for many years. She left her gang when she was nineteen. A

Cree, she had no attachment to her culture. She started to develop

an identity a couple of years ago, following the birth of her son

and after getting to know some Cree Elders.



Mark Totten

MARK TOTTEN is a professor of criminal justice at Humber College in Toronto whose research focuses on organized crime, corrections, sexual exploitation, human trafficking, mental health, violence, and gender identity. Over the past decade, he has collaborated with groups in Ontario and Western Canada in the development and evaluation of multi-year gang prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies.