Bourgeoisie, Aristocracy, Church, and Socialists Confront War and Revolution
Of an apparently unavoidable Great War, the industrial bourgeoisie expects
considerable economic advantages. But the other pillars of the elite, the nobility
and the church, also entertain high hopes with respect to the coming war.
The socialist parties remain revolutionary in theory, but in reality they believe
increasingly in an evolution toward socialism, and embrace “reformism.” Many
of them simultaneously abandon internationalism in favour of a socially tinted
nationalism known as “social chauvinism” . . .
Jacques R. Pauwels
JACQUES R. PAUWELS has taught European history at the University of Toronto, York University and the University of Waterloo. He is the author of several books on twentieth-century history, including The Myth of the Good War, in which he provides a revisionist look at the role of the United States and other Allied countries in the Second World War. An independent scholar, Pauwels holds PhDs in history and political science. He lives in Brantford, Ontario.