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ISBN: 9781926824529-01

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Keystone of Independence

From: Slouching Towards Sirte


In Chapter One Sirte: Keystone of Independence, Forte contrasts the city of Sirte– found to be in near total ruin by the end of the 2011 Libyan Civil War– to the Sirte which was once promoted by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi as a possible capital of a future United States of Africa. Forte argues that the city was not only destroyed due to its loyalty to Gaddafi, as one of the strongest bases of support for the revolution and his regime, but also due to Sirte’s identity as representing a resurgent Pan-Africanism in the making. This chapter examines the use of “the new imperialism,” which saw the weaponizing morality as an instrument of warfare and how it plastered Libya with bombs, the New Pan-Africanism, and U.S. Scrutiny, Sirte’s Place in the Development of Libya, media coverage of the civil war, and the larger history of post-colonial Libya.



Maximilian C. Forte

Maximilian C. Forte is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Concordia University in Montréal, Québec. He teaches courses in the field of political anthropology dealing with “the new imperialism,” Indigenous resistance movements and philosophies, theories and histories of colonialism, and critiques of the mass media. Max is a founding member of Anthropologists for Justice and Peace. He writes regularly for the Zero Anthropology Project, CounterPunch, and was formerly a columnist for Al Jazeera Arabic.