The Revolutions of 1789, 1830, and 1848
The French Revolution of 1789, in which the bourgeoisie, the peasants and the
workers challenge the king, the nobility, and the church, sets in motion the march
toward democracy, the emancipation of the “little” people. In spite of the triumph
of the counterrevolution in 1815 and a new, romantic and conservative spirit of
the times, the democratization continues to make progress in 1830 and 1848 via
reforms and new revolutions, at least in Western Europe . . .
Jacques R. Pauwels
JACQUES R. PAUWELS has taught European history at the University of Toronto, York University and the University of Waterloo. He is the author of several books on twentieth-century history, including The Myth of the Good War, in which he provides a revisionist look at the role of the United States and other Allied countries in the Second World War. An independent scholar, Pauwels holds PhDs in history and political science. He lives in Brantford, Ontario.