Via Fascism to a Second World War, 1918-1945
The European elite, henceforth dominated by the industrial and financial
bourgeoisie, is frustrated by the counterproductive outcome of the Great War.
After 1918 it seeks again to exorcise the demon of revolution, to arrest and reverse
the democratization process, and to achieve major imperialist gains, this time via
a new instrument, fascism. German fascism is expected — and encouraged —
to destroy the revolution, now incarnated by the Soviet Union, but Germany’s
resurgence might also threaten the interests of the other imperialist powers. A
new “Great War” is thus unleashed, with yet another unexpected and ambiguous
result: a victory for the homeland of revolution against German fascism, but also
a triumph for the US in the struggle for supremacy among imperialist powers . . .
Jacques R. Pauwels
JACQUES R. PAUWELS has taught European history at the University of Toronto, York University and the University of Waterloo. He is the author of several books on twentieth-century history, including The Myth of the Good War, in which he provides a revisionist look at the role of the United States and other Allied countries in the Second World War. An independent scholar, Pauwels holds PhDs in history and political science. He lives in Brantford, Ontario.