German Spring Offensive, Allied Final Offensive
On March 3, 1918, Germany and Russia sign a peace treaty in Brest-Litovsk.
Shortly afterward, on the first day of spring, March 21, the western front witnesses
the start of a huge German offensive, directed by Ludendorff. The Allies are in
deep trouble, but during the summer they manage to turn the tide and launch
a counteroffensive. The Germans are now fast running out of resources and
capitulate on November 11 in the railway car that serves as headquarters of
Marshal Foch, the Allied commander-in-chief, in the village of Rethondes, near
Compiègne . . .
Jacques R. Pauwels
JACQUES R. PAUWELS has taught European history at the University of Toronto, York University and the University of Waterloo. He is the author of several books on twentieth-century history, including The Myth of the Good War, in which he provides a revisionist look at the role of the United States and other Allied countries in the Second World War. An independent scholar, Pauwels holds PhDs in history and political science. He lives in Brantford, Ontario.