Nietzsche and Social Darwinism
The process of democratization seems to be irresistible and, with the rise of the
“masses,” the elite, besieged and increasingly pessimistic, seeks remedies in Social-
Darwinist fantasies and antidemocratic and racist Nietzschean schemes. War
appears to offer the elite a way out of its labyrinth of problems. It is hoped that
war will dispel the threat of revolutionary socialism, thin out the ranks of the
dangerous popular masses, and integrate the lower orders into the existing political
and social-economic order . . .
Jacques R. Pauwels
JACQUES R. PAUWELS has taught European history at the University of Toronto, York University and the University of Waterloo. He is the author of several books on twentieth-century history, including The Myth of the Good War, in which he provides a revisionist look at the role of the United States and other Allied countries in the Second World War. An independent scholar, Pauwels holds PhDs in history and political science. He lives in Brantford, Ontario.