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ISBN: 9781459405059

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The Secret Power of Juries

What jurors in Canada aren't being told about their rights -- and what we can do about it

Canadians know that the jurors at a trial decide the defendant’s guilt or innocence according to the law of the land. What they don’t know is how far that right actually goes, and what the real power of juries is.

Sometimes people — even jurors — wonder if a law or a judgment in a particular case is a just one. When the law seems wrong, we are told there is only one solution: change the law.

In fact, though, in our legal system there is another remedy: When jurors decide that to question the fairness of applying the law in the case they are deciding may lead to a manifestly unfair and unjust result, they have the right not to apply that law. However, in Canada it is illegal and completely forbidden for a trial lawyer, or even a judge to tell jurors they have this right to nullify the law.

In the Canadian justice system, jurors can hand down a verdict of not guilty even if the facts pointing to guilt are clear, even if the accused doesn’t deny the facts, even if the judge tells the jurors to find the accused guilty. This centuries-old safeguard, which goes along with the principle of jury independence, has protected people’s rights and freedoms and helped sweep away laws that ordinary citizens think are outdated and unjust.

This power of juries is known to the legal community — but is largely unknown by the general public — until now. Gary Bauslaugh, author of Robert Latimer, A Story of Justice and Mercy (Lorimer, 2010), learned the specifics of this matter as a result of his research around the Robert Latimer case. In his new book, written for non-expert readers and citizens who have been summoned for jury duty, he tells the story of jury nullification from Quaker leader William Penn to the modern-day acquittal of Henry Morgentaler, who was charged with conducting abortions. Bauslaugh then lays out the arguments that some people make against jury independence and nullification, and makes his own argument in favour of these safeguards. He offers suggestions for jurors who may find themselves in a situation where their consciences are at odds with the law.


Gary Bauslaugh

GARY BAUSLAUGH is the author of Robert Latimer, A Story of Justice and Mercy and his writing has appeared in many publications. He has been president of the Humanist Association of Canada and editor of Humanist Perspectives. Gary, who holds a PhD in chemistry from McGill University, was a teacher and administrator in Canadian colleges and universities for many years. He lives in Victoria, BC.

Chapter Title Abstract Contributors Pages Year Price


Outlines the Core Principles of law as outlined by Tom Bingham in The Rule of Law ; 11 $1.10


The first chapter of this book explains how I became interested in the matter of jury independence as it relates to justice, and clarifies some of the terms used 12 $1.20


The second chapter shows how the practice of jury nullification has been a factor in some well-known trials in Canada and in several other countries. 38 $3.80


Chapter 3 looks at the origins of jury independence 15 $1.50


Looks at the trial of Henry Morgentaler and how the jury returned a verdict of not guilty and how this had far-reaching effects on laws in Canada 24 $2.40


Looks at how the Supreme Court nullified the nullification of Morgentaler by decriminalizing abortion in 1988 and the effects this decision had. Analyzes Chief Justice Dickson’s ruling in … 14 $1.40


Looks at the trial of Robert Latimer and the jury’s verdict of guilty in the mercy killing of his terminally ill daughter Tracy 24 $2.40


examines the arguments for jury independence including constitutional arguments for jury independence 22 $2.20


examines the arguments against jury independence 31 $3.10


offers suggestions for what we should do about the odd, unresolved, and important social and legal matter of jury independence 21 $2.10